Masjid nabawi in madinah saudi arabia is the second mosque built by Prophet Muhammad, After the Quba Mosque established in the course of his pilgrimage from Mecca to Medina. Prophet’s Mosque was built from the first moments of the Prophet. arrived in Medina, was to ride camels in place of the Prophet. discontinue his journey. The location was originally a place for drying dates belonging to two brothers orphaned Sahl and Suhail bin ‘Amr, who was later bought by the Prophet. awakened to the mosque and place of his residence.
Initially, this mosque is about 50 m × 50 m, with about 3.5 m high roof of the Prophet. helped build with his own hand, together with the Companions and the Muslims. Walls on all four sides of the mosque is made of brick and soil, while the roofs of palm leaves with the jib poles of date palm trunks. Part of the roof is left open. During the first nine years, the mosque was no lighting at night. Only in the evening, there was little light by burning straw.
Then attached on one side of the mosque, built the residence of the Prophet. The residence of the Prophet is not how much and no more a luxury than a state mosque, just over a closed course. There are also parts that are used as a place of poor people-poor who have no home. Later, these people are known as ahlussufah or the occupants of the terrace of the mosque.
After that many times the mosque was renovated and expanded. Renovation of the first carried out by the Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab in the year 17 H, and the second by the Caliph Uthman ibn Affan in the year 29 AH In modern times, King Abdul Aziz of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to extend the mosque is a 6024 m² in the year 1372 H. This expansion was followed by his successor, King Fahd in the year 1414 H, so that the building area of the mosque is almost as high as 100,000 m², coupled with the upper floors, reaching 67 000 m² and the court of the mosque which can be used for the prayer area of 135,000 m². Prophet’s Mosque can now accommodate approximately 535,000 pilgrims.