Quba Mosque in medina saudi arabia is the first mosque built by Prophet Muhammad SAW. in 1 Hijriyah or 622 Masehi in Quba, about 5 km in the southeast of the city of Medina. In the Qur’an mentioned that the Quba Mosqueis a mosque that was built on the basis of piety. Allah praised this Mosque and those who establish regular prayers in it than among the population Quba ’with His Word: Indeed mosque founded on piety (Mosque of Quba) since the first day is more worthy ofthee (O Muhammad) pray in it. In it there are people who want to rid yourself . This mosque has been renovated several times. Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz was the first to build a tower of this mosque. Sakarang renovation of the mosque is handled by the Saud family. Citing a book titled History of Medina Munawarah written Dr. Abdul GhaniMohammed Ilyas, Quba mosque has been renovated and expanded at the time of KingFahd ibn Abdul Aziz in 1986. Renovation and expansion is estimated at 90 million riyalswhich make this mosque has a capacity of up to 20 thousand worshipers.
Quba mosque building
Although very simple, Quba mosque should be considered as an example in the form ofmosques established people in the future. The building is very simple it has met the conditions necessary for the construction of a mosque. He already has a rectangularspace walled in around him. In the north porch was made to place the colonnaded prayer of palm trees, flat roof of themidrib and leaf carved, bercampurkan clay. In the midst of open space in the mosquewhich was then commonly called the sahn, there is a place of ablution well, take a waterprayer. Hygiene awake, sunlight and air can enter freely.
This mosque has 19 doors. Of the 19 that door there are three main doors and 16 door.Three large main door and the door leaf is becoming the entry of worshipers into themosque. Two doors destined to enter the male pilgrims while the other door as the entrance of women pilgrims. Opposite the main room of the mosque, there is a room used as a place of learning and teaching.
Guidelines at Quba mosque
When will enter the inside of the mosque, you should pay attention to the instructions on the wall outside the mosque. It is a pointer entrance reserved for pilgrims male or female.Will be emblazoned on a plaque affixed to the walls of the entrance to the congregation of men and women.